environmental vulnerability actual situation

Published by Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.04.035. Vulnerable Sectors Include 1. Within the hazards literature, vulnerability has many different connotations, It's a gap in your protection. The vulnerability assessment of the piping system (bilge, sludge, black , grey) on board the Company vessels is aimed to have an updated picture of the on board current situation in order to establish ways to discharge polluted substances at sea. Coal accounts for more than 70% of total energy consumption in China. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Beijing Institute of Technology. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Regional-scale assessment of environmental vulnerability in an arid inland basin, Spatial principal component analysis (SPCA). 9, with larger values representing higher vulnerability; additionally, the actual conditions of the research area (Liu, 2016, Liang et al., 2017, Shi et al., 2018) were considered when the environmental vulnerability value was graded, and the normalized EVDI was classified into … A spatial principal component analysis (SPCA) was performed to determine the contribution of each index, and the environmental vulnerability distance index (EVDI) model was applied to synthesize four groups of factors. The actual costs of environmental conflicts on women are highly complex given the impacts on productivity levels (specifically since women are usually involved in the informal economy) and costs associated with what Frank (2005:33) refers to as ‘victimless’ crimes … 10. Most noticeable has been the strong resurgence of palaeo-environmental studies. The results of the EVI are used to focus on … To be able to capture the complexity of these aspects of environmental vulnerability requires the development of a variety of indicators that target different spatial and temporal scales and hierarchical levels of the ecosystem. It focuses on two perspectives. What is Vulnerability. vulnerability (4-5) area was located in Fuxin coalfield, Heishan coalfield and ZhangWu exploration region, which was due to its severe land desertification and soil erosion.The grading result was highly consistent with actual ecological situation in study area. Define Physical Vulnerability, Social Vulnerability, Economic Vulnerability, and Environmental Vulnerability. Potential effects are varied and may contribute to an increase in vulnerability and the frequency and intensity of natural hazards. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. These sub-indices focus on ecosystem integrity and how it is threatened by anthropogenic and natural hazards. A hazard vulnerability analysis is often conducted on an annual basis in order to keep pace with changing conditions and turnovers in facility occupancies. According to ecological condition of Fuxin, the ecological vulnerability index was established synthetically reflecting ecological environmental status, ecological sensitivity and landscape spatial structure, including 9 indictors. This is a vulnerability, as unscrupulous people can easily break the window and gain entry into your home. The concept of vulnerability emphasizes the social characteristics and configurations used by communities to face the challenges of the physical environment. Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.In addition, the country is surrounded by large bodies of water and facing the Pacific Ocean where 60% of … Defining Vulnerability • Vulnerability is the state of susceptibility to harm from exposure to stresses associated with environmental and social change and from the absence of capacity to adapt. Cumulative Assessment of Multiple Environmental Burdens and Social Vulnerability. The Philippines' evident risk to natural disasters is due to its location. Supported by the project of key technologies of watershed integrated planning environmental impact assessment(project number is 201309402) and SEA in comprehensive decision support project, hosted by the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The evaluation results may be helpful for arid inland regional planning, environmental restoration implementation and sustainable development improvements in the future. Environmental vulnerability assessments are important for environmental management and ecological protection, especially in arid regions experiencing water-use conflicts and environmental problems. The first one derives from post-normal science, considered as a new epistemological and methodological basis for the analysis and management of complex environmental problems. The risks and vulnerability reduction framework can also be described by four dimensions [] such as the government system, attribute of concern, hazard, and temporal reference.This type of framework is used to describe the system of analysis that refers to the coupled human–environment system, a population group, an economic sector, a geographical region, or a natural system. The regions with an ecoenvironmental vulnerability ranks in an aggravating order are Fuyu, Changling, Da'an, Qian'an, Qianguo, Zhenlai, Tiaonan, Tongyu, and Tiaobei. A threat and a vulnerability are not one and the same. SPCA was used to analyze the environmental vulnerability factors. Research areas include climate change adaptation incorporating insurance-related approaches, environmentally induced migration and social vulnerability, ecosystem services and environmental deterioration processes, models and tools to analyze vulnerability and risks linked to natural hazards, with a focus on urban space and rural-urban interfaces. Vulnerability is affected by an individual’s ... your situation, and being secure about the future. This study does not suggest that environmental stress alone causes warfare, just that it can potentially trigger conflict in … The EVDI results (Fig. Conclusively, the results calculated from the present method fit well with the actual situation, suggesting a broad application prospect of the improved entropy method. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105792. Combining the distribution of vulnerability classification with the important ecological function area and natural reserves in the scope of planning, the research area was plotted into five types of zone, i.e., appropriate exploitation zone, optimized exploitation zone, moderate exploitation zone, restrictive exploitation zone and forbidden exploitation zone. This paper, in the form of an essay, discusses the potentialities and limits of the concept of vulnerability concerning the integrated analysis of social and environmental problems. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Several adjustment suggestions were put forward to optimize the layout of Fuxin mining area and guide the ecological protection during coal exploitation. Give an actual situation for each. A vulnerability is that quality of a resource or its environment that allows the threat to be realized. Application of GIS Based Ecological Vulnerability Evaluation in Environmental Impact Assessment of Master Plan of Coal Mining Area. 8a) were normalized to between 0 and 100 (normalized EVDI, NEVDI; Fig. (2) At the geographical unit scale, environmental vulnerability increases from south to north, which reflects obvious regularity in the vertical zonal distribution. Vulnerability is formally defined as “the characteristics of a person or group and their situation that influences their capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist, and recover from the impact of a natural hazard.” 1 Implicit here is “differential vulnerability”; that is, … Classified protection categories and proposed ecological management measures. Examples may include poor design and construction of buildings, inadequate protection of assets, lack of public information and awareness, limited official recognition of risks and preparedness measures, and disregard for wise environmental management. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other geographies (such as Antarctica). (3) At the administrative district scale, the environmental vulnerabilities of Liangzhou and Jinchang Districts are higher than those of other cities and towns and the environmental vulnerabilities of urban areas are higher than those of rural regions. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Kinds of ecological problems resulting from coal mining have become increasingly serious, which directly threaten regional ecological security and people's normal production and livelihood in some areas. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is among the first of tools now being developed to focus environmental management at the same scales that environmentally significant decisions are made, and focus them on planned outcomes. Environmental degradation: The reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives, and needs. March 2014 . Vulnerability assessment of the on board piping systems. 2. People differ in their exposure to risk as a result of their social group, gender, ethnic or other identity, age and other factors. Twenty-three evaluation indices were selected to represent hydro-meteorological, socioeconomic, soil biological and topographical factors. Research on vulnerability to the impacts of climate change spans all the antecedent and successor traditions. Each of these areas has contributed to present formulations of vulnerability to environmental change as a characteristic of social-ecological systems linked to resilience. This report focuses on the role of floodplains in flood protection, water management, nature protection or agriculture and the impact of hydromorphological alterations on the ecosystem services that floodplains provide. An environmental vulnerability map was classified into the risk categories none, very low, low, moderate, high and very high, which represent 6%, 5%, 8%, 16%, 26% and 38% of the total area, respectively. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The study area was divided into 247 grids, then the EVI value of each grid was calculated by comprehensive evaluation and the results were divided into 5 levels by Zonal Statistic analysis of ArcGIS. Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies: A Review of the Literature . Environmental Vulnerability. Whitney Moret ASPIRES . ... We exclude the environmental literature, as its focus on environmental rather than social impact is not compatible with the aims of this review. To examine these factors, I’ve developed a Vulnerability and Risk Index (VRI) to identify states at risk to environmentally-triggered conflict. vulnerability as entitlement failure and theories of hazard. The Shiyang River Basin (SRB) has considerable ecological value for the survival and development of vast arid regions in western China. Taking the SRB, an important and typical arid inland region in China, as a case study, a framework was built to evaluate the environmental vulnerability of such regions. Vulnerability is most often associated with poverty, but it can also arise when people are isolated, insecure and defenceless in the face of risk, shock or stress. 8b) for grading as shown in Fig. Environmental vulnerability has been characterised by three components or sub-indices. The results show the following: (1) The environmental vulnerability of the SRB is high, and its spatial distribution reflects interactions between human activities and natural environmental factors. Social vulnerability and high-risk groups Unsafe conditions Economic vulnerability Failure of protective measures Community resilience Policy response and mitigation TEXT BOXES 8.1 Progression of vulnerability: Kobe earthquake 8.2 Progression of vulnerability: Gujarat Earthquake 8.3 Chronology of events during the Montserrat eruption A threat is a person or event that has the potential for impacting a valuable resource in a negative manner. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It seems fair to say that, at its core, determinism in archaeology and related disciplines has been a term of reproach. SOME VARIATIONS OF VULNERABILITY CONCEPT A simple working definition of vulnerability in relation to natural disaster: the characteristics of a person or group and their situation that influence the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of a natural hazard. In the background of academic debate, the worsening contemporary environmental situation adds its own colour to the discussion. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The evaluation index system of regional environmental vulnerability is proposed. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The assessment framework proposed and practiced can also be applied to other regions by adjusting the factors relevant to the variables of concern in the region of interest. (4) Three ecological management zones are defined based on the environmental vulnerability, and they require different protective measures and management modes. 4.2. Some examples This will be used to assess all hazards, their risk of actual occurrence, as well as the impact on life, property, and business if the hazard takes place. Definition of Environmental Vulnerability: The tendency of the environment to respond either positively or negatively to changes in human and climatic conditions. We also exclude the literature on health and nutrition because Vulnerability describes the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard.There are many aspects of vulnerability, arising from various physical, social, economic, and environmental factors. Even countries with a good current state of their environment can be highly vulnerable to future damage. Generally speaking, vulnerability to environmental hazards means the potential for loss. Elsevier B.V. or its environment that allows the threat to be realized planning, environmental implementation! Adjustment suggestions were put forward to optimize the layout of Fuxin mining.! Areas has contributed to present formulations of vulnerability, economic, and being secure about the future helpful! And intensity of natural hazards ; Fig geographically, over time, and being secure about the future the and! 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