The AVLB provided gap crossing capabilities when required to support armored forces. They were used in the OPFOR Surrogate (OPFOR(S)) role by D Company 1st Battalion, 4th Infantry Regiment (Team Dragon) until May 2005. The interior layout, based on the design of the M48, provided ample room for updates and improvements, extending the vehicle's service life for over four decades.  This hull version was used only on the original M60 variant and early M728s and M60AVLBs. In addition, both depots converted a total of 1,391 M60A1 RISE tanks to the M60A3 TTS.  On 22 October 1961, the M60E1 was officially accepted in service under the designation of Tank, Combat, Full Tracked: 105-mm Gun, M60A1.  By the end of the day the Iraqi 3rd Armored Division was totally destroyed. The M60A1 tank Hull/Turret PIP Update Kit includes those items that could not be readily identified with basic major product improvements and to incorporate essential engineering changes that had occurred during M60A1 tank production. The commander was able to observe the battlefield using the x4 binocular M34D daylight vision block or the M19E1 IR or M36 Passive periscopes while remaining under armor protection with a 360 degree traverse independent of the turret, was stabilized in azimuth and elevation and carried 600 rounds of ammunition. PERISCOPE HOUSING ASSEMBLY M74.  The engine and power train were supplied by the Continental AVDS-1790-2A engine and the CD-850-5 cross drive transmission and using the T97 track assembly. The brake and accelerator pedal and gauges were also rearranged for more efficient and comfortable operation while the steering wheel was replaced by a T bar steering control. Known as the M68 in American service, integrating the gun into the Army’s tank fleet became a high priority. It also has a 12 tube High Speed Directed Launcher (HSDL) smoke screen system using a multi-spectral smoke hardxill providing protection against thermal detection. Some of the modifications included removal of the M19 cupola, different models of machine guns, electronics, fire control systems or radios, external armor plates, smoke launchers and power packs.  A new short receiver coaxial machine gun was designed for the M60 tank. Under starlight conditions, they will provide recognition beyond 500 meters with the use of an IR searchlight. a daytime TV camera, and an eye-safe Laser range finder. The M60 also saw use in 1983 with Operation Urgent Fury, supporting US Marines in an amphibious assault into Grenada. The procurement of M60A3 and M60A3 TTS tanks for the Army concluded and hull production ceased in May 1983 with a total of 1,052 M60A3 and TTS tanks built as new vehicles.  Initial orders were submitted by the Army in 1971 however production did not start until 1973 and continued until 1975. The gunner and loader were located to the right and left of the gun, respectively, and the commander was in a turret basket up and behind the main gun. , Raytheon in conjunction with other partners offered the M60 Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) for the M60A3 in May 2016. The new light and fast M113 armored personnel carriers proved to be vastly superior to the heavier obsolete vehicles they replaced. All were built at the Chrysler Tank Plant in Warren, Michigan with a total of 540 M60A2s produced. Such rapid production caused problems but the importance given to rapidly equipping combat units with new tanks precluded detailed testing and evaluation prior to quantity production.. It was in production from 1962 to 1983..  The rangefinder is a double image coincidence image instrument used as the ranging device of the gunner's primary direct sighting and fire control system. This hull model was used on the M60A1, M60A2 and M60A3 models of the M60-series as well as the M728A1 and M60A1 AVLB. TANK, COMBAT, FULL-TRACKED: 105-MM GUN, M60A3 (2350-00-148-6548) AND M60A3 TTS (2350-01-061-2306) HULL This manual supersedes TM 9-2350-253-34P-1, dated June 1986.  Additionally the Hull PIP Update Kit was applied to the M48A5. Some M48A5s were retrofitted with the M19 cupola to maintain training levels of National Guard units. The possible delay was not as serious for the MBT-70 since the program was limited to conceptual design and component development. The design similarities can be noted in the original variant of the M60 and the M48A2. The M60A2 proved a disappointment, though its technical advancements would pave the way for future tanks.  Only one prototype was made. In 2005, M60 variants were in service with Egypt, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Turkey, Taiwan and some 20 other nations to varying degrees. Indeed, in September 1942, it was already foreseen that the standard 75 mm (3 in) M7 gun of the M10 was only efficient at short r… The average age of these tanks was 16 years and an expected peacetime service life of 20 years. TM 9-2350-253-20-2 Organizational Maintenance Manual--Tank, Combat, Full Tracked: 105-mm Gun, M60A3 (2350-00-148-6548) and (2350-01-061-2306) TTS Turret. Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank, volume 1. The FCS configuration was largely similar to that used on the M60A3, but instead of replacing the optical rangefinder with an AN/VVG-2 laser rangefinder, a Nd:YAG laser emitter was installed on the roof and the M35 gunner's sight was modified to include a laser visual unit. Production pilot 3 was completed 2 September and went to the Detroit Arsenal Test Center for maintenance evaluations, it was then sent to Fort Knox for user trials. The M60 tank hull was designed with a unique rounded boat shape, made from five cast pieces that combine to provide excellent ballistic protection for the four crew and equipment packed inside. Following the end of both the Cold War and Operation Desert Storm, FORSCOM withdrew the M60 tank series from combat use and superseded it with the M1A1 Abrams for both the Army and Marine Corps. Even though this update package offered M60 users an opportunity to dramatically increase the combat capabilities of their tank fleets, no country ever bought the update and the program effectively ceased by the end of the Cold War. Notable are the British Chieftain and German Leopard 1. Finally a Shillelagh missile was considerably more expensive than the M409 round. The A3 upgrade included a new ballistic computer, an improved fire control system that allowed the main gun to fire accurately on the move, and a laser range finder. Time was particularly critical for the AR/AAV (the XM551 Sheridan) which required a decision on the armament by April 1962. This series included the following designations: The M60A2 was never approved for foreign sales. Only one prototype was built. Except for a small number in TRADOC service for the combat training of units in Europe, most M60s were placed in reserve. Jane's Armour and Artillery: 2005–2006 (26th ed.). A total of 2,205 M60s were built between June 1959 and August 1962. Sabot Publications, M60A2 Main Battle Tank in Detail, Volume 1.  They are also salvaged for parts to maintain other vehicles still in service. A mock-up was built using the new vision cupola.  The first American nomenclature-designated second generation MBT was the M60A1 version of the M60 series.  During 1978 kits for the mounting of the M239 smoke grenade launchers and the mounting of the M240 as the coaxial machine gun was fielded. The army’s quest to develop a tank with leap-ahead antitank technologies led to the second M60 variant, the M60A2. It was fitted with the British L7 105 mm tank … During the Cold War, one U.S. Army main battle tank served longer and fought on more battlefields than any other.  Because the evacuator was positioned lower on the gun's barrel US M68 guns were fitted with an eccentric bore evacuator instead of a concentric model in order to provide more clearance over the rear deck. A radical departure from the wartime T-34 series, the T-55 featured the D-10T 100-millimeter rifled gun. The hull bottom had a strong boat-like appearance with a pronounced recess between the upper tracks and external suspension arms and one shock absorber on the first roadwheel pair. A descendant of Korean War-era tanks, the M60 was an example of how incremental advances in military technology could progressively better fighting machines.  Early TLAC panels were made from aluminum and were vulnerable to damage from small arms fire. 99.  The M60A2 was deployed to Army units in Europe starting in June 1975 when B Company, 1-32 Armor Battalion received its first M60A2 tanks. The "footprint" of a motor car - the surface where the weight of the vehicle is in direct contact with the road - might be less than one square foot; the footprint of an M60 tank is about 67 square feet. A basket was fitted to the rear of the turret to stow the spotlight when not in use. The MBT was to combine the firepower and protection sufficient for the assault role with the mobility to perform as a medium tank. Protection for the turret is optimized for protection against kinetic energy (KE) weapons and artillery across the frontal arc. In addition to the new turret design, the hull was upgraded. Washington, D.C.: Dept. The large number of M60 series tanks still in the Army's CONUS inventory in 1994 were declared as excess to requirements and disposal of them began through grant programs or demilitarization at additional costs to the US government. They were knocked out by TOWs at long range. After initial tests with only the new engine and suspension, additional modifications such as the armor upgrade intended to increase protection from shaped charged projectiles were applied. As the major changes were incorporated into the production line, the vehicle model designations were changed. , The T123E6 was preferred by the Ordnance Department because its ammunition, the same as that for the M58 gun, was already at an advanced state of development. This AVDS-1790-5T 908 hp engine replaces the 750 hp engine and is connected to an upgraded CD-850-B1 transmission. Weapons systems: M-85 .50 cal.  The United States Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command (TACOM-LCMC) has directed that the M728, M60AVLB and QM60-series target vehicles are to be withdrawn from use by 2024 and any units remaining are to be demilitarized and sold for scrapping through the DLA Disposition Services Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office (DLADS-DRMO). A $46.6M contract with the Jordan Armed Forces was authorized in 2012 to upgrade one battalion of their Phoenix main battle tanks. This updated turret configuration was mated to the M60A1 RISE hull using the AVDS-1790-2D RISE engine and CD-850-6A transmission along with a Halon fire suppression system. This T9 cupola provided the commander with more headroom than the T6 cupola of the T95 tank, carrying a new short receiver M85/T175 .50 caliber machine gun and it was standardized as the Cupola, Tank Commander's Caliber .50 Machine Gun, M19.  Next came Add-On Stabilization (AOS) that was introduced in late 1972. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved, America’s Battleships Went to War Against North Korea, 5 Places World War III Could Start in 2018, M60A3 Service Life Extension Program (SLEP). For the time of flight of the missile, the gunner had to keep the cross-hairs pointed at the target. It included the upgraded AVDS-1790-2C RISE diesel engine and CD-850-6 transmission that featured several changes in order to improve service life and reliability. The first upgrade to the M60 line, the M60A1, introduced a new turret mounted spotlight, new turret interior with improved ergonomics, an infra-red night vision system, and an … Of the several turrets drafted, one of the earliest was the driver-in-turret integrated fighting compartment.  Barrels with thermal sleeves were used starting in 1973. Rarely has one vehicle type served as the main battle tank for as long as the venerable M60. This led to a redesign of the front of the hull into the shape of a flat wedge, instead of the M48's elliptical front, as it simplified the installation of this armor. Improvements to the electronics package for this version included an improved electro-mechanical traverse assembly and a AN/VSS-1(V)1 IR searchlight above the gun shield.  The M60A3 replaced the M60A1 in Army and any remaining M48A5s in National Guard service on a one-for-one basis but the Marine Corps continued to use the M60A1 RISE Passive until they were withdrawn from combat use in 1991. With the United States Army's deactivation of their last (M103) heavy tank battalion in 1963, the M60 became the Army's primary tank during the Cold War. Decker, Oscar C. "The Patton Tanks: The Cold War Learning Series."  To remedy this the guns were equipped with a traditional fume extractor on the barrel. machine gun mounted in a cupola on top of the turret. The searchlight has both infrared and visible light capabilities and was positioned over the gun.  Limitations in manufacturing capacity and the added cost led to this armor being dropped by November 1958 and all M60-series tanks were protected with conventional steel armor. The original variant of the M60 tank was equipped with the M68 gun using the M116 mount.  The US Marine Corps' M60A1s were fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor (ERA) panels.. In 1982 the Israelis once again used the M60 during the 1982 Lebanon War, equipped with upgrades such as explosive reactive armor to defend against guided missiles that proved very effective at destroying tanks. The addition of a shock absorber on the second roadwheel pair was also accompanied by a slight relocation of the first return roller. It featured several design improvements including an updated gun hydraulic configuration, a stabilization upgrade for the gun, a gun elevation kill switch for the loader, improved ballistic drive and other component refinements. The concept of the medium tank gradually evolved into the Main Battle Tank (MBT) in the 1960s. The front vision block could be replaced with a dual power M34 7x50 binocular day sight or an M19E1 IR periscope. The armor was improved. All variants of this series underwent evaluations and trials at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds. Vehicles using the M60A1 hull and chassis received the M60A1E2 designation, and were used to develop the Type B compact turret and the XM81E13 gun variant. It featured several design improvements including an updated gun hydraulic configuration, a stabilization upgrade for the gun, a gun elevation kill switch for the loader, improved ballistic drive and other component refinements. In the early 1960s it was generally accepted that the maximum effective range of the M68 gun was between 1800 and 2000 meters. However the conversion of earlier models to M60A3/E60B tanks continued for Foreign Military Sales (FMS) with the last tanks delivered to Israel in May 1986 and a conversion total of 3,268 E60Bs. 3.  After a brief examination of this tank's armor by a British military attaché it was concluded that the 20-pounder (84mm L/66.7) was apparently incapable of defeating its frontal armor with HEAT or APC ammunition. Another proposal was a more compact turret design of the T95E7. Both M60 and M60A1s were sent to Israel to arm the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), and were designated Magach 6 and 7, respectively. As of early 2009 there were no sales of the 120S MBT and was no longer mentioned in General Dynamics marketing literature.  The first proof of concept attempt to mate a modified M60 hull with the T95E7 turret took place in March 1960. In the power-with-stabilization-on mode, the gunner's aim on target is automatically retained while the vehicle is in motion. The M60 Patton was the mainstay of the U.S tank fleet in the 1960s and 1970s, before being replaced by the M1 Abrams tank currently in service. Tanks located in Korea were inspected and sold to Bahrain and Taiwan. The Super M60 prototype was based on an M60A1 leased from the US Army.  This new tank design incorporated many Army Combat Vehicle (ARCOVE) committee improvements to the M48, chiefly the use of diesel engines to increase its operational range and the use of a more powerful main gun. The M60 is an American second generation main battle tank (MBT). M60A1s with this upgrade were designated as the M60A1(AOS).  The M60A3 was seen by the US Army as a stop-gap measure as the development of the XM1 Abrams MBT was already well advanced with fielding to Europe planned to start in 1981 and notified FMS customers of its near-term plans to discontinue M60-series tank production. , The M60 Phoenix Project was Jordan's modular upgrade of the M60A3TTS to better address both immediate and emerging threats to the M60MBT. Along with the M46, M47, and M60, the M48 was named the “Patton,” after World War II commander George S. Patton. The development of the M60-2000 was primarily due to the large number of M60 Main Battle Tanks in service with many Middle Eastern nations unable to afford a sufficient force of more modern main battle tanks.  Most of the M60A2 tanks were rebuilt as M60A3s, or the hulls converted to armored vehicle-launched bridge (AVLB) vehicles and M728 Combat Engineer Vehicles with a few M60A2s retained as museum pieces.. The M60 was deployed to West Germany to counter the threat presented from the T-54s and T-55s of the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact as well as to South Korea but was never sent to South Vietnam mainly due to unfavorable terrain and the general lack of significant numbers of North Vietnamese armor. The M728 was used in fire support, base security, counter ambush fire, direct assault of fortified positions, and limited reconnaissance by fire. George F. Hofmann, Donn A. Starry. Squadron carries scale model kits of cars airplanes military aircraft ships AFV and tanks from Revell Trumpeter Hobbyboss Tamiya Airfix Meng & more. The few M60A3s in Army service as training vehicles had their commander's cupola removed as it was deemed unnecessary for training and to better mimic the profile of Soviet tanks.  The 1977 fielding of the passive M32E1 sight for the gunner and M36E1 periscope for the commander as well as the M24E1 IR night vision block for the driver provided second generation night vision capabilities for M60A1 and RISE tanks.  Three M60E1 tanks with T95 turrets were modified to permit the installation of the 152mm XM81 gun-launcher. The first 300 M60s produced were armed with a .50cal M2HB machine gun in a pedestal mount welded to the left side of the commander's cupola owing to production problems with the new M85 machine gun. It was also discovered that structural cracks in the barrel occurred after several missile firings. , Mobility is improved via either a full refurbishment of the existing power packs or an upgrade. The M60 series tanks fulfilled the MBT role on a strategic and tactical level. The M60-2000/120S was a GDLS supplied conversion kit that married the M1A1 turret of the M1 Abrams to the M60A1 RISE hull, offering many features of the M1A1 Abrams to existing M60 users at a reduced cost. As of 2015 Egypt is the largest operator with 1,716 upgraded M60A3s, Turkey is second with 866 upgraded units in service, and Saudi Arabia is third with over 650 units. Removing the cupola lowered the vehicle's relatively high silhouette. IDF M48 Pattons and M60s performed well in during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, but suffered heavy losses when tanks outpaced infantry and ran into Egyptian antitank teams fielding AT-3 Sagger antitank missiles. The M60 Patton's role was that of a Main Battle Tank (MBT). It was also the last to feature an escape hatch under the hull. The turret's hydraulic fluid was replaced with a non-flammable one. The M24 Light Tank was one of the most efficient and successful tanks ever built…and now its a military tanks for sale to civilians.  US built XM24/L52 barrels (length 218.5 inches) fitted with an eccentric bore evacuator were used for the M60-series starting in June 1959 but retained interchangeability with the British X15/L52 barrel. The OTCM (Ordnance Technical Committee Minutes) #37002 officially standardized the type as the Tank, Combat, Full Tracked: 105-mm Gun, M60 on 16 March 1959. PERISCOPE HOUSING ASSEMBLY ARMY TANK … This hull model was in production from 1959 to 1962. M60s delivered to Iran also served in the Iran–Iraq War.  The M19 FCS consisted of the M17A1 coincidence rangefinder, M10A1 ballistic drive and the mechanical M19E1 ballistic computer for the gunner. There were two versions of hulls used for the M60-series. The M60 tank was a classic example of how a progressive system of upgrades can keep a weapon system viable for a half century or more. IED jamming systems and a laser warning receiver systems developed by Leonardo are optionally offered. Decker, Oscar C. "The Patton Tanks: The Cold War Learning Series." It had the advantage of being immediately available and its ammunition was already in production.  Also, the stabilization configuration was changed to that of the M1 Abrams where the sight itself was fully stabilized and the gun followed the sight.  Israel purchased many of these tanks forming the basis for the Magach 6 series. Browse 177 m60 tank stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. Additionally the Detroit Tank Plant was closed in 1996 with production of the M1A1 Abrams continuing at the Lima Tank Plant in Ohio. But the development of a main-battle tank variant was bogged down by having too many design proposals. The A2 replaced the gun and turret of the A1 with a redesigned turret and a 152-millimeter gun/missile launcher.  Like the vehicle it is based on, it retained a crew of 4: the commander, loader and gunner positioned in the turret and the driver in the front of the hull. This allows for SLEP customization to each user's needs. The M47 Patton entered production in 1951 and was used by the United States Army and Marine Corps but ongoing technical and production problems kept it from serving in the Korean War. of the Army, 8 July 1975.  This was an add-on kit made to fit with minimum modifications to the existing hydraulic gun control system. Several countries have placed their stocks of M60 tanks in reserve and reduced their tank force as more modern designs have replaced older vehicles. Several countries have placed their stocks of M60 tanks in reserve and reduced their tank force as more modern designs have replaced older vehicles. It was planned that using the tanks would allow the EOD crews to remove unexploded ordnance from tarmac runway and taxiway surfaces with increased safety. This kit was also compatible with the M48A5..  The M60A1E2 finalized the turret design with the use of a compact turret which reduced exposed frontal area by 40% compared to the M60A1 and continued development of the M51 Missile Guidance System (M51MGS).  Since the tank had not yet received its official designation these prototype hulls were briefly referred to as the M68 in December 1958 until they were officially named the M60 in March 1959.  The remaining rounds were stored inside safe containers on the hull floor.  It was unveiled at the Bahrain International Defense Exhibition and Conference (BIDEC) at Manama, Bahrain in 2017. The new M60 main battle tank -- lighter, faster, and with a better weapons system and greater operational range than its predecessor -- was also issued. 1/35 Workable Metal T97 Track Integrated Link Set for U.S. M48 M60 Tank Model Kit. Also minimum range was slightly above the maximum effective range of the M60A2's conventional unguided munition, this created a dangerous gap area that could not be adequately covered by fire known as a "dead zone". The positive pressure keeps contaminated air out and forces the smoke produced from firing the main or coax guns out of the vehicle. On 21 August 1976, President Ford conferred with Henry Kissinger and green lighted Operation Paul Bunyan with a platoon of M60A1s reinforcing elements of the US 9th Infantry Regiment (Task Force VIERRA) at the south end of the Bridge of No Return in response to the Korean axe murder incident. The 58 M60A3 tanks of the Kansas Guard's only armor battalion were unceremoniously parked in a holding pen at the Camp Funston Mobilization and Training Equipment Site (MATES), in the Kansas River Valley, down the hill from Fort Riley's main post. After acquiring a target a small charge would propel the missile out of the barrel, the missile's solid-fueled sustainer rocket then ignited and launched the Shillelagh.  The production contract was approved April 1959 with the low rate initial production starting in June at the Chrysler Corporation Delaware Defense Plant in Newark Delaware. The M60 looks likely to serve into the third decade of the twenty-first century—or further.  The M68 105 mm Gun has been used for the M1128 Stryker MGS. of the Army, 15 April 1980, Direct Support, General Support, and Depot Maintenance Manual for Cannon, 105-MM Gun, M68 & M68E1, M116 and 140 mount TM 9-1000-213-35 by Fred C. (Chief of Staff) Weyand | Jan 1, 1978, Direct Support, General Support, and Depot Maintenance Manual for Cannon, 105-MM Gun, M68 & M68E1, M116 and 140..TM 9-1000-213-35 by Fred C. (Chief of Staff) Weyand | Jan 1, 1978, M1 Abrams in Action By Jim Mesko – 1996 Squadron/Signal publications p.27, Crismon, Fred W. U.S. Military Tracked Vehicles. Over the M60A1, the Super M60's top speed increased to 45 mph and power/weight ratio increased to 23.1 hp/t, despite the 9500 lb increase in weight. This means a better working environment for the crew: they have more room to maneuver and are not separated into two different sections of the hull, since the M65 lacks a turret. Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1984 pp.631-633, Sabot Publications, M60A2 Main Battle Tank in Detail, Volume 1/, Hunnicutt, R.P. The United States' largest deployment of M60s was in the 1991 Gulf War, where the US Marines equipped with M60A1s effectively defeated Iraqi armored forces, including T-72M tanks.  This also contributed to its failure, largely due to difficulties with maintenance, training, and complicated operation. Hull production ended in 1983, but 5,400 older models were converted to the M60A3 variant ending in 1990..  They were replaced in this role by the Tonka tank (unofficial name)[b] – an M113 OSV-T with a mock turret. The United States entered a period of frenzied activity during the crisis atmosphere of the Korean War, when America seemed to lag behind the Soviet Union in terms of tank quality and quantity. One more M60 Main Battle Tank video. The M19 cupola was replaced with a low silhouette model with a pop-up hatch for the commander and a 12.7 mm M2HB machine gun on a pintle mount with 600 rounds.  Initial production M60A2s used the M60A1 hull powered by an AVDS-1790-2A TLAC engine, CD-850-5 cross-drive transmission and the T97 track assembly. Round storage was distributed between the turret bustle, with 15 ready rounds of various types were stowed and accessible for the loader, and the rest are stored inside safe containers on the hull floor.  The ammunition load for the main gun was increased to 63 rounds. Was the Urden cupola fitted to both types of turret - i.e. Egypt inspected 411 tanks at Fort Hood and 91 at Fort Knox and tentatively selected 299 of those. Kyle Mizokami is a defense and national-security writer based in San Francisco who has appeared in the Diplomat, Foreign Policy, War is Boring and the Daily Beast. These were exemplified by the M47 and M48 Pattons armed with a 90mm main gun already in widespread US service. , The M51 Missile Guidance System (MGS) for the Shillelagh missiles was designed by Ford's Aerospace Division. It was expected that the Shillelagh or some other missile then could be introduced at a later date. But the T95E7 turret design using conventional hardened steel armor was carried forward, becoming the M60A1's turret. The United States chose not to pursue further upgrades to the M60 tank series after 1978. The T254 guns used British X15/L52 barrels with a concentric bore evacuator on the barrel. The M60 underwent many updates over its service life. Foss, Christopher F., ed. The rest of the vehicle is completely overhauled including the torsion bars, brakes, fuel supply, electric system, wheels, seals, paint, and smoke grenades.  Subsequent production, starting with the October 1960 batch were built at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, in Warren Michigan.  This meant that only one target could be tracked and engaged at a time.  These vehicles were built by Chrysler Defense. Mounted on former M60 hulls, they were to provide test beds for the evaluation of the Shillelagh weapon system. Although the M60 no longer serves with U.S. forces, it still serves around the world in countries such as Turkey, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan and Egypt—often in an upgraded capacity. These new passive gunner's sight and commander's periscope provide recognition capability at longer ranges and at relatively low night light levels (1/2 moonlight). Tanks were given to a few nations under governmental grants. They were denoted as M60A1(RISE).
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